Request the brochure Get a clear overview of the programme in our brochure. The specialisation does not require previous training in IT nor will you be trained as an expert programmer. To become a successful boundary spanner between the developers and marketing you will learn the basics of how an app or website is developed, how this will produce relevant data and how you can use these data to develop new products and to improve online marketing campaigns. The track includes a one-day Hackathon and a group assignment to conceive and lead a digital innovation initiative.
Answering this question is by no means straight-forward. These are not problems that cause frustration only at uva amsterdam master thesis undergraduate level, but that accompany many scholars their entire careers. In fact, at a meeting I attended a few weeks ago on how to apply for research funding from the European Research Councilone of the concerns that the Council regularly had with applications was that scholars did not provided a good methodology section.
So if you are a student, and you are confused, remember that you share that confusion with many of the professionals. What makes questions of method and methodology so thorny is that the answers depend on the respective discipline and on the particular research project. In this post, I will try to highlight different perspectives on this topic, as well as options for coming to grips with methods and methodologies.
This usually includes defining the scope of the research project, coming up with a research question or hypothesis, selecting and collecting data, processing that data with certain tools to enable analysis, and then going through the data systematically to answer the central question.
In other words, methods are the tools you use to do your research.
So what is a methodology? In essence, methodology is the discussion of methods. A methodology section in a research paper needs to achieve three things, though not necessarily in this order: Firstly, it should consider what the nature of academic work is more generally, and what this might mean for anyone who explores the topic at hand.
Secondly, it needs to provide a literature review, discussing what methods researchers have traditionally used to study the kind of topic that the project focuses on. Thirdly, it should explain what methods this particular project uses and why. The first issue is a question of epistemologythe philosophy of knowledge.
Crucial epistemological questions include: What have different intellectual schools said on these issues, and what do our own answers to these questions say about the value of our research project? What do they say about the value of academic work in general?
These are debates that have occupied thinkers for millennia, and no-one would expect you to answer them in a term paper or thesis. Nevertheless, the practical methods you use to study your subject come with certain assumptions, so it would be a good idea to demonstrate that you are aware of what these are.
These are by no means trivial questions, and even though they are theoretical, they have very real implications for how you conduct your own research.
Next, you might want to review what experts in the field have said about the value and drawbacks of using surveys, about the relation between information and human behaviour, and about the problems of establishing causalities between different variables. A note on positivism as a research tradition would also probably be wise.
Finally, you should explain where you got your data and what exactly it is you plan to do with it. Similarly, if you are studying policy documents to find out what the agenda of a specific government is, you would be well advised to think about epistemological questions like the value that such documents might have as an indication of political preferences, about the nature of political decision-making, or about the various philosophical traditions that have debated whether the language in such sources reflects certain beliefs or conjures them into being or maybe both?
How you then go on to select and study the actual documents will likely follow from your answers to these questions. How methodology connects to theory As these examples already show, methodological discussions are both theoretical and practical in nature.
This is also what makes writing a methodology section for an article or a thesis so hard. It can be difficult to draw a line between a typical theory chapter and the epistemological discussion of the methods you used.
Do you now need to include a second theoretical chapter that discusses how we can know about the system of states?
The answer is not straight forward, and will strongly depend on what you are trying to achieve.Cycling is a simple means that connects to a wide range of very complex problems and challenges of contemporary cities.
It is intertwined with many aspects of urban life in all its richness and complexity. Programme Programme type Mode of study; Accountancy and Control: Master's: Full-time, part-time: Accountancy and Control: Accountancy (track) Master's: Full .
International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research. Tinbergen Institute is one of Europe's leading graduate schools and research institutes in economics, econometrics and finance.
TI is operated jointly by the Schools of Economics of the Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), University of Amsterdam (UvA) and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU) in .
BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. On Saturday, November 17 at pm it is exactly thirty years ago since the Netherlands was the first country in Europe to be connected to the Internet.