Thesis and school reform

Choice[ edit ] Students in Swedish primary schools have very limited choice regarding their curriculum. Students cannot usually make any decisions about their education until the fall term of the sixth grade, where students can choose a foreign language most often SpanishFrenchGermanand sometimes other languages such as Russianor extra English or Swedish and which handicraft course the student wants to take, where carpentry or sewing is offered.

Thesis and school reform

Choice[ edit ] Students in Swedish primary schools have very limited choice regarding their curriculum. Students cannot usually make any decisions about their education until the fall term of the sixth grade, where students can choose a foreign language most often SpanishFrenchGermanand sometimes other languages such as Russian Thesis and school reform, or extra English or Swedish and which handicraft course the student wants to take, where carpentry or sewing is offered.

A similar situation applies to most other subjects. This is the result of a concerted effort to streamline curricula, in the hope that this will favor students from families with lower levels of educational attainment.

In many schools the course "Elevens Val" "The Student's Choice" is offered, which can include, for instance, drama, an extra foreign language, or help in different subjects.

Thesis and school reform

The Swedish School Plan [25] [26] also highly encourages an individualistic education in which each student has their specific needs met.

The students are also encouraged not only to participate in student councils but also to actually form the education they desire together with their teachers, choosing which books to read and how to balance practice with theory depending on which the individual student finds most enjoyable to learn from.

The preparatory instance allows for specialization in either natural sciences or social sciences. Grading[ edit ] Pupils do not start receiving official grades until the 6th grade. But from yearstudents do receive written reviews instead of getting letter grades. The written reviews includes the knowledge that the student have and also the knowledge that is required for the specific subject.

The written reviews describes the lowest acceptable level of knowledge that a student have in year 3, and states the level that a student need for grades A,C and E in grade Note that a failing grade did not exist as a formal grade.

Compared to course grades, failed tests were often actually marked with IG. This was, however, dependent on the preferences of the teacher and did not make any difference. However, from the autumn ofa new grading scale has been introduced into the Swedish school system: If a student is given an F, they will receive a written review of how to improve themselves.

It is normal for a pupil to have 17 grades, as most study a third language — traditionally German or French, but in recent years Spanish has become the most widely studied.

He or she will then only receive 16 grades and cannot reach a higher score than The sixteen subjects used to calculate the total must include the three core subjects — English, Swedish, and Mathematics. If the pupil fails any of the core subjects, she or he lacks qualification to attend secondary school.

However, the student can still attend the secondary school individual program individuellt program IVeither to gain competence in the core subjects and start a secondary school program or to complete the individual program and satisfy the requirements for a student degree see below.

Secondary school[ edit ] Secondary school, called gymnasieskolalasts for three years however, some students study for four or more years for various reasons and is formally elective, although most attend it, and there are very few prospects for those who do not attend.

Secondary school is divided into so called "programs", i. The "programs" are further divided into orientations. There are currently seventeen different "national programs" centrally defined program curricula with between two and four centrally defined orientations.

In addition, there are local programs and orientations, but most schools use the national programs.

Over 40 degree programs to choose from.

From the autumn term ofthere became eighteen national programs, six college preparatory programs, and twelve vocational programs. All programs give basic qualification to attend university, but preparatory programs typically satisfy more of the various special qualifications that are required to attend some university courses and programs.

These programs must include at least fifteen weeks of workplace training over the three-year program. Core courses are courses that everyone, regardless of program, must study to satisfy the requirements for a student degree.

Program-specific courses are the additional courses that a student is required to take to fulfill the program requirements. If a student for some reason does not fulfill the requirements, for example, by electing to replace a program-specific course with another course, the student is considered to have attended a specially designed program, which has no bearing except for what's printed on the school leaving certificate.

Orientation subjects are the courses that a student elects to take by selecting an orientation. Normally these courses take place in the second and third year, although in a few cases the courses start earlier.

The diploma project is a project where the students are required to demonstrate everything they have learned during their 3 years in school.

This project have two grading options, which is receiving an E pass or F not pass. The diploma project is not included in the students merit value that is used towards further education.

In the autumn ofEugene Field Elementary School, Park Ridge, Illinois, In grade school, Hillary Rodham was an eager student lucky to have attentive and imaginative teachers, and she wrote an autobiography and co-wrote and produced a play about an imaginary trip to Europe.

SearchWorks. SearchWorks is Stanford University Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Search our Collection. SearchWorks. SearchWorks is Stanford University Libraries' online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more.

Search our Collection. Education in Sweden is mandatory for all children between age 6 and age The school year in Sweden runs from mid/late August to early/mid June.

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The Christmas holiday from mid December to early January divides the Swedish school year into two terms. Homeschooling is closely supervised by the government and very limited.. From the age of one, children can be admitted to pre-school ().

Welcome to the Profit of Education website. Continuing the conversation begun in the book Profit of Education, we discuss the latest economic evidence on education reform. School Psychology is an area of study within the USF College of Education with doctoral and educational specialist degree programs.

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