Iraq wanted to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state, and was worried that the Iranian Revolution would lead Iraq's Shi'ite majority to rebel against the Ba'athist government. The war also followed a long history of border disputesand Iraq planned to annex the oil-rich Khuzestan Province and the east bank of the Shatt al-Arab Arvand Rud.
By January the allied coalition against Iraq had reached a strength oftroops, includingU. Saddam steadfastly refused to withdraw Iraqi forces from Kuwait, however, which he maintained would remain a province of Iraq. Operation Desert Sabrea massive allied ground offensive, was launched northward from northeastern Saudi Arabia into Kuwait and southern Iraq on February 24, and within three days Arab and U.
Meanwhile, the main U. By the time that U.
President George Bush declared a cease-fire for February 28, Iraqi resistance had completely collapsed. M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks of the U. Department of Defense There are no official figures for the Iraqi military operation. Estimates of the number of Iraqi troops in the Kuwait theatre range fromto , and estimates of Iraqi military deaths range from 8, toThe allies, by contrast, lost about troops in the conflict.
Pending complete complianceeconomic sanctions would continue. As the other allies gradually left the coalition, U. Iraq thereafter refused to readmit inspectors into the country, and regular exchanges of fire between Iraqi forces and U.
In the United States sponsored a new UN resolution calling for the return of weapons inspectors, who then reentered Iraq in November. Member states of the UN Security Council, however, differed in their opinion of the degree to which Iraq had cooperated with inspections.
Bush —seeking no further UN endorsement—issued an ultimatum demanding that Saddam step down from power and leave Iraq within 48 hours or face war; he even suggested that if Saddam did leave Iraq, U. When Saddam refused to leave, U. F flying over burning Kuwaiti oil wells set alight by retreating Iraqi troops during Operation Desert Storm, August 1, Department of Defense Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The invasion phase began on 20 March and lasted just over one month,  including 21 days of major combat operations, in which a combined force of troops from the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland invaded torosgazete.comon: Ba'athist Iraq.
The Third Gulf War (–20??) following day as part of a Defense Department brieﬁng on Iraqi denial and deception. On 5 February , Secretary of State Colin Powell by Jeffrey T.
30 April Map of Iraq. Source: CIA World Factbook.
Convinced of a cheap and rapid victory, the Bush. This report examines operational art in the Persian Gulf War from two unique perspectives. First, the author participated in most of the their televisions to see the final events of the Gulf War unfold.
political pressures on his regime following the Iran-Iraq War. The following names have been used to describe the conflict itself: Gulf War and Persian Gulf War are the most common terms for the conflict used within western countries, though it may also be called the First Gulf War (to distinguish it from the invasion of Iraq and the subsequent Iraq War).Location: Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Israel, and the Persian Gulf.
An advantage to calling it the Second Gulf War is that it situates the conflict within the context of Middle Eastern history and places the U.S.
on the periphery--America was, for better or worse, reacting to events. Persian Gulf War, also called Gulf War, (–91), international conflict that was triggered by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on August 2, Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of Kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nation’s large oil reserves, canceling a large debt Iraq owed Kuwait, and expanding Iraqi power in the region.