Urban settlement[ edit ] Compared to the more rural migrants of the period —, many African Americans in the South were already living in urban areas and had urban job skills before they relocated.
At the turn of the 20th century, the vast majority of black Americans lived in the Southern states.
From toduring this Great Migration, it is estimated that some six million black Southerners relocated to urban areas in the North and West. The massive stream of European emigration to the United Stateswhich had begun in the late 19th century and waned during World War Islowed to a trickle with immigration reform in the s.
As a result, urban industries were faced with labour shortages. A huge internal population shift among African Americans addressed these shortfalls, particularly during the World Wars, when defense industries required more unskilled labour.
Although the Great Migration slowed during the Great Depressionit surged again after World War IIwhen rates of migration were high for several decades. With advertisements for housing and employment and firsthand stories of newfound success in the North, the Chicago Defenderfor example, became one of the leading promoters of the Great Migration.
Seeking better civil and economic opportunities, many blacks were not wholly able to escape racism by migrating to the North, where African Americans were segregated into ghettos and urban life introduced new obstacles.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The Great Migration was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between and During the initial wave the majority of migrants moved to major northern cities such as Chicago, Illiniois, Detroit, Michigan, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and New York, New York.
The aim of the Great Migration Study Project is to compile comprehensive genealogical and biographical accounts of every person who settled in New England between and Between these years about twenty thousand English men, women, and children crossed the Atlantic to settle New England.
For a century and a half genealogists have been studying these families, and thousands of . The Great Migration Study Project Between these years about twenty thousand English men, women, and children crossed the Atlantic to settle New England. For a century and a half genealogists have been studying these families, and thousands of books and articles have been published as a result.
Chicago, one of the great receiving stations of the Great Migration, has chosen WARMTH as the One Book/One Chicago Read for / Many thanks to the Chicago Public Library and to Mayor Rahm Emanuel, for devoting a full year to the enduring themes of freedom and social justice embodied by this migration.
Dec 15, · The Great Migration was the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from about to . In this epic, beautifully written masterwork, Pulitzer Prize–winning author Isabel Wilkerson chronicles one of the great untold stories of American history: the decades-long migration of black citizens who fled the South for northern and western cities, in search of a better life.