Volume 13, Number 2: These protests are the latest action in a growing movement that is highly critical of the neoliberal economic policies being imposed on people all over the world, including those in western countries. The implementation of neoliberal policies came into full force during the eighties under Thatcher and Reagan. Today, the principles of neoliberalism are widely held with near-religious fervor by most major political parties in the US and Britain and are gaining acceptance by those holding power elsewhere.
A Abbreviations This information is included in Appendix A: Abbreviationswhich includes all abbreviations and acronyms used in the Factbook, with their expansions. Acronyms An acronym is an abbreviation coined from the initial letter of each successive word in a term or phrase.
In general, an acronym made up of more than the first letter of the major words in the expanded form is rendered with only an initial capital letter Comsat from Communications Satellite Corporation; an exception would be NAM from Nonaligned Movement. Administrative divisions This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN.
Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. Age structure This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age.
Information is included by sex and age group as follows: Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations high percentage ages 65 and over need to invest more in the health sector.
The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Agriculture - products This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important.
Airports This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air. The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or unpaved grass, earth, sand, or gravel surfaces and may include closed or abandoned installations. Airports or airfields that are no longer recognizable overgrown, no facilities, etc.
Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Airports - with paved runways This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways concrete or asphalt surfaces by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m over 10, ft2 2, to 3, m 8, to 10, ft3 1, to 2, m 5, to 8, ft4 to 1, m 3, to 5, ftand 5 under m under 3, ft.
Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing.
Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
Airports - with unpaved runways This entry gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces by length. Appendixes This section includes Factbook-related material by topic. Area This entry includes three subfields. Area - comparative This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents.
Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census. Background This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Birth rate This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate.
The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
Broadcast media This entry provides information on the approximate number of public and private TV and radio stations in a country, as well as basic information on the availability of satellite and cable TV services.
Budget This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures.
These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.Working within the Federal Reserve System, the New York Fed implements monetary policy, supervises and regulates financial institutions and helps maintain the nation's payment systems.
Social Media And its terrifyingly Negative Effects on People with Depression and Anxiety - Kindle edition by Victor Scott. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Social Media And its terrifyingly Negative Effects on People with Depression and Anxiety.
With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.
The origins of microcredit in its current practical incarnation can be linked to several organizations founded in Bangladesh, especially the Grameen torosgazete.com Grameen Bank, which is generally considered the first modern microcredit institution, was founded in by Muhammad Yunus.
Yunus began the project in a small town called Jobra, . Overview. The Great Recession was the worst post-World War II contraction on record:Real gross domestic product (GDP) began contracting in the third quarter of , and by early was falling at an annualized pace not seen since the s.
Consumer Compliance Outlook > > Second Issue Consumer Compliance Outlook: Second Issue Keeping Fintech Fair: Thinking About Fair Lending and UDAP Risks. By Carol A. Evans, Associate Director, Division of Consumer and Community Affairs, The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System 1.
Fintech is the latest wave in the continuing technological evolution of financial .