Benjamin Mays, an influential theologian and outspoken advocate for racial equality.
The Formative Influences on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He lived, thought, and acted, inspired by the vision of humanity evolving toward a world of peaceand harmony.
We may ignore him at our own risk. King arrive at this statement? Who and what were the formative influences? Were those influences restricted to Gandhi, or were there other, equally important individuals whom Dr.
It appears that there were a myriad of thinkers, philosophers, and people whom King knew personally, who were responsible for shaping his approach. Martin Luther King, Sr.
As pastor of the local church, he embedded strong religious ideals in his son and linked him to the church. King soon left to begin his formal education at Morehouse College, where he became acquainted with the remarkable president of the school, Dr.
Mays, who influenced generations of black students. This propensity to shape the minds of black students was not lost on young King. Later on, he publicly recognized Dr. Mays as an enormous influence on him in his formative years.
King is said to have believed that without God, nonviolence lacked substance and potency. Academic Influences It was with a strong Christian faith in hand that Martin Luther King embarked upon his formal education.
As Martin moved on to the seminary, he began to pass countless hours studying social philosophers, including Plato, Aristotle, Rousseau, Hobbes, Bentham, Mill, and Locke. Next came Hegel and his contention that "truth is the whole. While King deplored the substituting of materialism for religious values, he applauded Marx for exposing the injustices of capitalism, promoting class consciousness among the workers, and challenging the complacency of the Christian churches.
It was in part due to his reading of Marx that King became convinced that capitalism had failed the needs of the masses and that it had outlived its usefulness. When it comes to identifying his greatest influence, however, I think King might place Walter Rauschenbush ahead of all of these philosophers, for his bookChristianity and the Social Crisis.
For example, he used the concept "agape" Christian brotherly love in ways that showed the unmistakable influence of Paul Ramsey.
Ramsey has coined the phrase "enemy-neighbor" the neighbor includes the enemy and referred to regarding him with love as the ultimate in agape, for in such cases nothing can be expected in return.
Niebuhr played a vital part in stimulating the renaissance of theology in the United States. He felt that Niebuhr led him to a fuller understanding of group behavior, human motives, and the connection between power and morality. It is interesting to note that Niebuhr was critical of using anything except force to combat imperialism, territorial aggression, and class exploitation.
Even Gandhian nonviolence was viewed by Niebuhr as a form of coercion. Even though King recognized how greatly Black Americans were outnumbered and that it was, in effect, hopeless to attempt violence as a solution, he was skeptical of pacifism at this point.
His warming toward nonviolence began on a Sunday afternoon in Philadelphia, where inhe attended a lecture by Dr. Mordecai Johnson, who discussed the teachings of Mohandas K.
Gandhi "It is ironic, yet inescapably true that the greatest Christian of the modern world was a man who never embraced Christianity. He felt compelled to expand his knowledge of Gandhi, and after reading a number of his books, began to lose his skepticism about the power of love.
King himself states in Stride Toward Freedom, "Gandhi was probably the first person in history to lift the love ethic of Jesus above mere interaction between individuals to a powerful and effective social force on a large scale.
I came to feel that this was the only morally and practically sound method open to oppressed people in their struggle for freedom. At the time, however, King was still in the seminary and lacked a clear idea about how it might be applied effectively. Still, the whole idea of satyagraha developed a special meaning to him.
For King, agape was at the heart of the teachings of Jesus. Gandhism was a way to fight the oppression of black Americans - a method that was consistent with the Christian ethic of love.Thanks for your comment, Dave. I agree that the metaphors are distinct and have somewhat different connotations.
One of the key reasons I have included early citations that mention drops is because of the later citations for Red Smith. UW TACOMA DIVISION OF SOCIAL AND HISTORICAL STDY HISTORY (TACOMA) Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for.
Autumn Quarter ; Winter Quarter ; T HIST Introduction to History Methods (5) I&S Introduces students to historians' methods for researching and writing, including Chicago style, with a focus on formulating, researching, and writing a history .
Martin Luther King Jr. adopting the philosophy of nonviolence Sparked by a lecture about the philosophy of the great Indian activist Mahatma (Mohandas) Gandhi, King began seriously studying Gandhi while a student at Crozer Theological Seminary. Martin Luther King, Jr.
- Education. Download Document: The present study represents an attempt to provide a survey of the influence of the mystery religions on Christianity.
In order to give a comprehensive picture of this subject "The popular and widespread religion of Osiris and Isis exercised considerable influence upon early.
The Six Steps for Nonviolent Social Change are based on Dr. King's nonviolent campaigns and teachings that emphasize love in action. Dr. King's philosophy of nonviolence, as reviewed in the Six Principles of Nonviolence, guide these steps for social and interpersonal change.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. – BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation.