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Richard Henry Pratt[ edit ] General Pratt and a young student.
At Fort MarionFlorida in the s, Pratt introduced classes in the English language, art, guard duty, and craftsmanship to several dozen Native American prisoners selected from among those who had surrendered in the Indian Territory at the end of the Red River War.
Several of these later attended college, including Carlisle The program became well-known; distinguished visitors began to visit from all over the country. Commissioner of Education came to see firsthand what Pratt was doing, as did the president of Amherst College.
He wrote, the Indian "is born a blank, like all the rest of us.
Transfer the savage born infant to the surroundings of a civilization and he will grow to possess a civilized language and habit. Why weren't all men given equal opportunities and allowed to assume their rightful place in society? Race became a meaningless abstraction in his mind.
Give me three hundred young Indians and a place in one of our best communities, and let me prove it! Carlisle Barracks in Pennsylvania, has been abandoned for a number of years.
It is in the heart of fine agricultural country.
The people are kindly disposed, and long free from the universal border prejudice against Indians. The youngest was six and the eldest twenty-five, but the majority were teenagers. Two-thirds were the children of Plains Indian tribal leaders.
The first class was made up of eighty-four Lakota, fifty-two Cheyenne, Kiowa and Pawnee, and eleven Apache. The class included a group of students from Fort Marion who wanted to continue their education with Pratt at Carlisle.
After the end of Great Sioux War inthe Lakota people were impoverished, harassed and confined to reservations Whether this could be achieved and how rapidly it could be done was unknown. He thought its proximity to officials in Washington, D.
School officials also required students to take new English names, either by choice or assignment. This was confusing, as the names from which they had to choose had no meaning for them.
Luther Standing Bear was one of the first students to arrive when Carlisle opened its doors in He was asked to choose a name from a list on the wall. He randomly pointed at the symbols on a wall, thus renaming himself Luther, and his father's name then became his surname.
The boys' long hair was cut short in Euro-American style, and students were given school uniforms of American-style clothing, with dresses being provided for the girls.
The civilizing process at Carlisle began with clothes. Whites believed the Indian children could not be civilized while wearing moccasins and blankets. Their hair was cut because in some mysterious way long hair stood in the path of our development.
They were issued the clothes of white men.Banish lunch-box boredom with these recipes for soups, pastas, salads, and more. These recipes for soups, pastas, salads, and stews will banish lunch-box boredom—no sandwich required.
21 Back-to-School Lunches Kids Will Love. Nov 29, · The manager had denied service to a group of young men, but an alleged victim's dine-and-dash tweets emerged. Aug 10, · Thank you for encouraging me to write up a tute on this lunch (bento box) bag!
I really like this bag pattern because this bag, measuring approximatelyAuthor: Pink Penguin.
Sweetgreen It's estimated that million students in the US get their lunches in the school cafeteria versus bringing it from home. And that's a problem: It's been found that students who eat. Christian Tancredi School Lunch in the U.S. – Love or Avarice?
In the U.S. the debate with regards to school lunches never seems to settle. Advocates for lunch boxes, or brown-bags, argue that school lunches are not healthy enough for the children. One of the most successful and bipartisan programs in U.S. history is the National School Lunch program — and today as we celebrate National School Lunch Week (Oct.
), it's important to.