Research methodology of recruitment and selection

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Research methodology of recruitment and selection

Physical Ability Tests Work Samples Development and implementation of such screening methods is sometimes done by human resources departments; larger organizations hire consultants or firms that specialize in developing personnel selection systems.

I-O psychologists must evaluate evidence regarding the extent to which selection tools predict job performance, evidence that bears on the validity of selection tools.

These procedures are usually validated shown to be job relevantusing one or more of the following types of validity: Primary research topics include: In one of the most comprehensive meta-analytic summary to date by Weisner and Cronshaw The authors investigated interview validity as a function of interview format individual vs board and degree of structure structure vs unstructured.

Results of this study showed that structured interviews yielded much higher mean corrected validities than unstructured interviews 0. Their goal was to explore the possibility that validity is a function of the type of content collected.

They define the three kinds of content as follows — situational content was described as interview questions that get information on how the interviewee would behave in specific situations presented by the interviewer.

Developing an implementation research proposal Session 2: Research design. After completing this session, you will be able to: •Develop a research design outlining your data collection and analyses procedures •Identify the research methods (qualitative, quantitative or recruitment and selection. Running head: Teachers’ Selection and Recruitment 1 The American University in Cairo School of Graduate Education Teachers’ Recruitment and Selection Practices within Different Schooling Systems in . Sample Selection The most important part of any research is the selection of an appropriate sample. Research Design Associates can resolve the issues surrounding the selection of an appropriate sample. Accomplishing a random and representative sample of sufficient size to accurately describe the population is a bit tricky.

For example, a question that asks whether the interviewee would choose to report a coworker for behaving in an unethical way or just let them go. Job related questions, on the other hand, assess the interviewee's past behavior and job-related information.

While psychological interviews include questions intended to assess the interviewee's personality traits such as their work ethic, dependability, honesty etc. The authors conducted a meta-analysis of all previous studies on the validity of interviews across the three types of content mentioned above.

Their results show that for job-performance criteria, situational interviews yield higher mean validity 0. This means that when the interview is used to predict job performance, it is best to conduct situational interviews rather than job-related or psychological interviews.

On the other hand, when interviews are used to predict an applicant's training performance, the mean validity of job-related interviews 0. Going beyond the content of the interview, the authors' analysis of interview validity was extended to include an assessment of how the interview was conducted.

Here, two questions emerged — Are structured interviews more valid than unstructured interviews? Their answer to the first question — Are structured interviews more valid unstructured interviews was that structured interviews, regardless of content, is more valid 0.

However, when training performance is the criteria, the validity of structured and unstructured interviews are similar 0. As for the validity of board interviews versus individual interviews, the researchers conducted another meta-analyses comparing the validity of board interviews and individual interviews for job performance criteria.

The results show that individual interviews are more valid than board interviews 0. This is true regardless of whether the individual interview is structured or unstructured. When exploring the variance in interview validity between job performance, training performance, and tenure criteria, the researchers found that the interviews are similar in predictive accuracy for job-performance and training performance 0.

But less predictive for tenure 0.

Research methodology of recruitment and selection

Validity of cognitive ability and personality tests[ edit ] Based on meta-analysis results, cognitive ability tests appear to be among the most valid of all psychological tests and are valid for most occupations.

However, these tests tend to do better at predicting training criteria than long term job performance. Cognitive ability tests in general provide the benefit of being generalizable.

But despite the high validity of cognitive testing, it is less frequently used as selection tools. One main reason is that cognitive ability testing has been demonstrated to produce adverse impact.

In general, groups including Hispanics and African-Americans score lower than the general population while other groups including Asian — Americans score higher Heneman et al. The legal issues with cognitive ability testing were amplified by the supreme court's ruling in the famous Griggs v.

In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that when a selection test produces adverse impact against protected group members the company must be able to defend it by showing that use of the test is a "business necessity" for the operation of the business.

The courts have held narrow interpretations of business necessity that require companies to show that no other acceptable selection alternative exists Sovereign, As a result, many companies abandoned cognitive ability testing Steven L.

While the utility of cognitive ability testing in selection has been broadly accepted, the utility of personality testing, until relatively recently, has not. Hence, adding a personality to an ability test should enhance validity while reducing the adverse impact of a selection system.

Recent research studies prove this assumption to be false, by showing that the addition of a predictor producing smaller group differences i. Although the use of personality tests with measures of cognitive ability may not have the desired effects on reducing adverse impact, it appears that the addition of personality measures to measures of cognitive ability as a composite predictor results in significant incremental validity Bobko et al.

These studies found that the validity of predictor composites was highest when alternative predictors were used in combination with cognitive ability. Though this combination of predictors resulted in the highest predictive validity, the inclusion of cognitive ability with these alternative predictors increased the potential for adverse impact Steven L.Journal of Management and Marketing Research A cross country comparison, page 2 “Recruitment and Selection Best Practice Guidelines,” that identifies a seven step process (University of London, ) were used.

The compilation of recruitment and selection practices ANALYTIC METHODOLOGY . Excellent HR tools and Great Presentation about HR Management, HR Strategy and Career Management, human resource management, Selection methods or screening devices include application blanks, employment interviews, aptitude tests, and personality test.

The primary objectives of recruitment and selection processes is the attraction of large number of applicants with suitable skills, experiences and qualifications in order to choose among them through various available methods for the employment in an organisation and . Research methodology means the action performed by the researcher of investigating the problem under consideration..

Standard Format of Research Methodology. It is necessary to get to see how to conduct research and what methods to use to obtain results. one of the methods might not be appropriate for a particular study.

This is not an exhaustive list but it is an outline of the most commonly-used methods for recruitment and includes both behavioral and biomedical recruitment strategies. One study may employ more than one method of recruitment.

Module: Selection of the Research Paradigm and Methodology. Dr. Nirod K. Dash, IGNOU. Educational research is essentially concerned with exploring and understanding social phenomena which are educational in nature, mainly pertaining to formalized and/or spontaneously occurring social, cultural, psychological processes which could be termed as education.

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