Nelson mandela s rivonia trial speech

Mandela Foundation In JuneNelson Mandela was convicted of sabotage for his role as an ANC activist against the former apartheid regime of South Africa, in which only white people were allowed to vote. Before he was sentenced, he made a famous "speech from the dock," which ends with the words — in reference to his ideals and his country — "I am prepared to die.

Nelson mandela s rivonia trial speech

“I am prepared to die” – Nelson Mandela Foundation

The trial was condemned by the United Nations Security Council and nations around the world, leading to international sanctions against the South African government in some cases.

After hiding in various safe houses for two months they escaped to Swaziland dressed as priests with the aid of Manni Brown who posed as a tour operator as a cover to deliver weapons to the ANC. Harry Schwarza close friend and a well-known politician, acted as his defence.

After being dealt with aggressively by the prosecutor Percy Yutarwho sought to portray him as a vital cog of MK, Kantor was discharged by Judge Quartus de Wetwho ruled that he had no case to answer.

Following his release, Kantor fled the country. He was to die of a massive heart attack in Mandela's speech At the beginning of the defence's proceedings, Nelson Mandela gave a three-hour speech from the defendant's dock, in which he explained and defended the ANC's key political positions.

He justified the movement's decision, in view of the increasing restrictions on permitted political activity on the part of non-White Africans, to go beyond its earlier use of constitutional methods and Gandhian non-violent opposition to the state, embracing a campaign of sabotage against property designed to minimize risks of injury and deathwhile also starting to train a military wing for possible future use.

He also discussed in some detail the relationship between the ANC and the SACP, explaining that, while the two shared a commitment to action against the apartheid system, he was wedded to a model of constitutional democracy for South Africa he singled out the British Nelson mandela s rivonia trial speech model for particular praiseand also supported a market economy rather than a communist economic model.

The speech is considered one of the founding moments of South African democracy. They were reportedly spoken looking the judge full in the eyes. His statement that he was prepared to die for the cause was strongly resisted by his lawyers, who feared it might itself provoke a death sentence.

In a concession to their concerns, Mandela inserted the words "if it needs be". Nelson Mandela, speaking in the dock of the court on 20 Aprilsaid: I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.

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I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal for which I hope to live for and to see realised. But, my Lord, if it needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.

Harold Hanson was called upon to argue in mitigation. He compared the African struggle for rights to the earlier Afrikaans struggle, citing precedents for temperate sentencing, even in cases of treason.

Nelson mandela s rivonia trial speech

Eight defendants were sentenced to life imprisonment ; Lionel Bernstein was acquitted. Unsubstantiated evidence suggests that Hanson, in a private hearing with de Wet, persuaded him to commute the death sentence for high treason to life imprisonment. There was no surprise in the fact that Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, and Goldberg were found guilty on all four counts.

Nelson mandela s rivonia trial speech

The defence had hoped that Mhlaba, Kathrada, and Bernstein might escape conviction because of the skimpiness of evidence that they were parties to the conspiracy, although undoubtedly they could be prosecuted on other charges. But Mhlaba too was found guilty on all counts, and Kathrada, on one charge of conspiracy.

Bernstein, however, was found not guilty. He was rearrested, released on bail, and placed under house arrest. Later he fled the country. Denis Goldberg went to Pretoria Central Prison instead of Robben Island at that time the only security wing for white political prisoners in South Africawhere he served 22 years.

Nelson Mandela spent 27 years and eight months in prison as a result of the Rivonia trial 18 years of which were spent on Robben Island. He was released on 11 February by order of President F.

Restoration of the Rivonia Trial sound archive The Rivonia Trial was recorded on Dictabeltsa now obsolete audio recording format. In seven of the Dictabelts were digitised by the British Library. French engineer, historian and inventor, Henri Chamoux, took a little over 15 months to edit and digitize hours of recording[24] using his own invention the Archeophone.

The digitised recordings were officially returned to South Africa, inas part of Nelson Mandela's Centenary, a one-day international colloquium " Listening to the Rivonia Trial: Courts, Archives and Liberation Movements " was organised to commemorate, discussing issues relating to the act of collecting, mapping, digitising and restoring archives and raising ethical questions that, in turn, become historical questions.

I Am Prepared to Die - Wikipedia

In film The film titled Bram Fischer also titled An Act of Defiance covers the story of the trial focusing on the involvement of the defence's lead counsel, Bram Fischer. University of Missouri-Kansas City. Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 2 November R.W.

Johnson suggests that Nelson Mandela’s speech at the Rivonia trial may have been written by the leader of the defence team, Bram Fischer (LRB, 16 August).

Thoughts and Reflections of a Fulbright Distinguished Teacher in South Africa

The suggestion is completely unfounded. Mandela’s iconic speech, Fischer’s historic defence, and Sisulu’s superior intellect during his cross-examination are the three events that have come to define the trial.

Stadlen is now.

statement from the dock of nelson mandela, accused no. 1 My lord, I am the first accused, I hold a Bachelors Degree in Arts, and practised as an attorney in Johannesburg for a number of years, in partnership with Mr, Oliver Tambo, a co-conspirator in this case. Nelson Mandela spent 27 years and eight months in prison as a result of the Rivonia trial (18 years of which were spent on Robben Island). He was released on 11 February by President F. W. de Klerk. Video of the speech does not appear to exist, but an audio copy of Mandela’s statement at the Rivonia Trial has survived and can be heard above. “Our March to Freedom is Irreversible.

Jan 02,  · In the case of Idris, it was the opening words of the script adapted from Mandela’s Rivonia trial speech from “I am Nelson Mandela, the first accused. I do not deny that I . Nelson Mandela's statement at the opening of the defense case in the Rivonia Trial (Pretoria Supreme Court, April 20, ) I am the First Accused.

Basic Search Option. Full text keyword search. Simply enter a keyword or phrase in the search box, and click the GO button. This searches the entire database, . When Nelson Mandela was on trial for treason in , he made a speech in the courtroom.

Instead of testifying in his own defense, Mandela spoke from the dock for more than three hours.

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