Mahathir was born on Friday 20 December This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Mahathir bin Mohamad Essay Example As a leader, one must be able to get people to follow him.
December 6, Place of Birth: He was considered the "father of the nation. His life up to that point had prepared him well for a position of national leadership. Kedah is one of nine Malay states which Great Britain had controlled, along with the "Straits of Settlements" of Singapore, Malacca, and Penang, since early in the 19th century.
In furtherance of their objective of developing tin mines and rubber plantations, the British encouraged immigration of laborers from China and India while protecting the indigenous Malay culture and institutions. This paternalistic policy made it possible for Tunku Abdul Rahman to study at Cambridge for the better part of 12 years, beginning when he was 16 years old.
This experience, and his subsequent tenure with the Kedah state civil service, foretold his participation in the slowly developing and moderate Malayan nationalist movement. Upon returning in from another stay in England, during which he completed his legal studies, Tunku Abdul Rahman became chairman of the Kedah Branch of the United Malays National Organization UMNOthe political party which served as the major vehicle of anti-colonial sentiment.
When the Tunku accepted the national presidency of the UMNO in he became the leading exponent of Malayan nationalism. Communal Tensions a Persistent Problem Malaya's large Chinese and Indian populations were not assimilated into Malay culture, and the uneasy relations among Malays, Chinese, and Indians have been a fundamental and persistent societal problem.
The Tunku is credited with devising the formula whereby political organizations representing the Chinese and Indian communities joined with UMNO to constitute the Alliance Party.
The Alliance, or, as it came to be called after other parties were invited to join it in the early s, the National Front, was the government party after independence. Its most one-sided electoral victory occurred in in the first federal elections, when 51 of 52 elected representatives were Alliance candidates.
In the years leading up to independence the Tunku was involved in government efforts to suppress a Communist insurgency known as "the emergency. In the simmering communal conflict boiled over when, in the aftermath of parliamentary elections, bands of armed Malays and Chinese attacked one another and generally caused considerable property damage and some loss of life.
It was the most severe crisis of the Tunku's tenure as prime minister, and he described the anguish it caused him in his book May Although neither he nor any other person could engineer racial harmony and prevent violence, Tunku Abdul Rahman strove for conciliation.
As one authoritative account put it, he was "liked and respected by members of all communities and considered honest, fair, and tolerant. By it had been determined that this would be achieved through the concept of Malaysia, which by then was strongly supported by Tunku Abdul Rahman.
In that form it was short-lived, for the UMNO leadership felt that Singapore's well-organized political elite was excessively ambitious. In August the Tunku informed first Lee Kuan Yew, prime minister of Singapore, and then the Malaysian Parliament that Singapore was being separated from Malaysia and would become an independent nation-state.
Neither the separation of Singapore nor the bitterly anti-Malaysia position adopted by Indonesia's President Sukarno prevented Tunku Abdul Rahman from pursuing a policy of regional cooperation.
Having participated in the establishment of the Association of Southeast Asia inthe Tunku supported the expansion of the association in to include Singapore and Indonesia. The organization thus formed, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, joined those two countries with Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and, later, Brunei in a vigorous and durable regional grouping.
In addition, the Tunku's commitment to constructive participation in the British Commonwealth as well as his active interest in international Islamic affairs established the basic parameters of Malaysian foreign policy.
After his retirement the Tunku's ability to enjoy certain of his favorite forms of recreation, such as golf and travel, was impaired by physical problems, but he took conspicuous pleasure in time spent with his family.
As the "grand old man" of Malaysian public affairs, he also made occasional public appearances, such as his speech dedicating the new Malaysian Chinese Association headquarters building in early When you use a browser, like Chrome, it saves some information from websites in its cache and cookies.
Clearing them fixes certain problems, like loading or formatting issues on sites. In Chrome. Tun Razak is also Essay on TUN ABDUL RAZAK BIN HUSSEIN Essay biography of tun abdul rahman - torosgazete.comeo embedded · Tunku Abdul Rahman was a lifelong fixture essay biography of tun abdul rahman in the Malayan/Malaysian government.
Nov 24, · tunku abdul rahman biodata essay Tunku Abdul Rahman Biografi Awal Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad - Duration: Sudirman Hj. Rosli , views. This website provides responsible criticism of the 9/11 Commission Report by senior military, intelligence and government officials.
It provides experienced professional opinions about the terrorist attacks on the world trade center and the pentagon. Rulers Index Sa Sá, Filipe Franco de (b. June 2, , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - d.
March 8, , Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil), foreign minister (), war minister (), and interior minister () of Brazil. -- from a poem written by Dr A.P.J.
Abdul Kalam Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is the undisputed father of India's missile program. He has breathed life into ballistic missiles like the Agni and Prithvi, which put China and Pakistan well under India's missile range.