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Blog Benjamin Franklin As diplomat, scientist, writer, printer and political philosopher, Benjamin Franklin was one of the truly dominant figures of the 18th century.
Born on January 17,into a large family in Boston, Benjamin Franklin experienced little formal schooling and was apprenticed to a half-brother to learn the printing trade.
So intent was Franklin with educating himself, he became a vegetarian in order to save money to purchase books. He moved to Philadelphialived briefly in London and then returned to Philadelphia inwhere he began a steady rise to fame and fortune.
Another was a report of the "Speech of Polly Baker," at her trial in Connecticut on the charge of having given birth to her fifth bastard child. The American Philosophical Society was founded by Benjamin Franklin in and is the oldest learned society in America.
Established for the "promotion of useful knowledge among the British plantations in America," its membership has included the leading scientists, scholars, public servants and statesmen of this country as well as abroad.
Membership is limited to American members and international. Also in that year, Franklin proposed the Academy of Phildelphia, which opened in The Academy was organized into Latin, English, and Mathematical departments, with the Latin department developing into the University of Pennsylvania.
Having established his fortune byFranklin turned his attentions to science and political matters. His experimentation with electricity gained him recognition in Europe as well as in America.
He also developed such everyday items as bifocal glasses, the lightning rod and the Franklin stove. The bifocals were developed for his personal use. Some debate has taken place as to the first inventor, and it seems that others may have devised bifocals independently, but writings and paintings support the idea that Franklin came up with bifocals before anyone else.
Lightning rods were devised by Franklin as a means to safeguard buildings. His observations of electrical phenomena convinced him that a sharp point would serve the purpose best.
Others believed that blunt ends would work better, as they would not be as likely to draw a strike. George III chose the blunt design for his palace. The Franklin stove was originally known as the Pennsylvania Fireplace. It was a cast-iron fireplace that used metal baffles to increase efficiency.
The modern versions include an improvement suggested by David Rittenhouse inwhich was the addition of an L-shaped chimney.
He also served as the colonial agent for Georgia, Massachusetts and New Jersey. At the Albany Congress inFranklin was the originator of what became known as the "Albany Plan," which called for a voluntary union of the colonies with "one general government," each colony retaining its separate existence and government.
Although the plan gained the approval of the delegates, it was rejected by the colonies as giving too much to the royal power, and in England it was rejected to giving too little. Explaining the advantages of his plan to William Shirley, the royal governor of Massachusetts, Franklin explained: I think, too, that the government of the colonies by a Parliament in which they are fairly represented would be vastly more agreeable to the people than the method lately attempted to be introduced by royal instructions, as well as more agreeable to the nature of an English constitution and to English liberty; and that such laws as now seem to bear hard on the colonies would when judged by such a Parliament for the best interest of the whole be more cheerfully submitted to and more easily executed.
Inthe Pennsylvania Assembly sent Franklin to London to negotiate for relief from the proprietary control exercised by the Penn family. He remained in England for extended periods untilwhen the increase in revolutionary feeling in America made his position there untenable.
During the early part of the French and Indian Warthe British were not particularly interested in acquiring Canada from the French. Franklin spend most of twenty years in England, representing the interests of various colonies.
Eventually, he grew disillusioned with the British government and came to the belief that the colonies would be better served without its interference. However peaceably your Colonies have submitted to your Government, shewn their Affection to your Interest, and patiently borne their Grievances, you are to suppose them always inclined to revolt, and treat them accordingly.His articles have appeared in The New York Times, Newsday, Smithsonian, environmental magazines, and such blogs as The Huffington Post, History News Network, Foreign Policy, and the Washington.
Benjamin Franklin remains an important and inescapable figure for American history and culture, and Kidd’s engaging biography helps us better appreciate not only his religious beliefs, but also the moral and religious ideals embraced by American culture today. Benjamin Franklin His Autobiography A Short Biography Until then a contented Englishman in outlook, primarily concerned with Pennsylvania provincial politics, he distrusted popular movements and saw little purpose to be served in carrying principle to extremes.
Subsequently, Franklin's defense of the American position in . As Franklin began to express his thoughts on political and military union of the colonies, he was already attempting to tie them together culturally, through the establishment of a postal system and the American Philosophical Society, which drew to Philadelphia the premier Euro-American scholars of his day.
and the Rationale for the American Revolution What follows is only a first step, tracing the way in which Benjamin Franklin and some of his contemporaries, including Thomas Jefferson, absorbed American Indian political and social ideas, and how some of these ideas were combined with the cultural heritage they had brought from Europe into a.
Benjamin Franklin: An American Life by Walter Isaacson. Benjamin Franklin is the Founding Father who winks at us. An ambitious urban entrepreneur who rose up the social ladder, from leather-aproned shopkeep The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin by H.W.
Brands. He was the foremost American of his day, yet .