See Article History Alternative Title:
Gohel Abstract This research paper explores the current strategic and ideological agenda of al-Qaeda leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri.
Ayman al-Zawahiri, al-Qaeda, Bin Laden, terrorist organizations, Islamic State, Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, Taliban, Egypt, Iran Introduction More than fifteen years after the September 11,attacks and Al qaeda terrorism than five years since succeeding Osama bin Laden as head a of al-Qaeda, Ayman al-Zawahiri has been seen as an increasingly marginalised figurehead of rickety terrorist franchise organization.
Between September and Augustal-Zawahiri did not make any public statements, creating uncertainty as to the direction he was taking al-Qaeda. We must now focus on moving the war to the heart of the homes and cities of the crusader West and specifically America.
This clearly contrasts with the practice of Islamic State of executing hostages and videotape their decapitations. Amongst several well-known individuals that al-Zawahiri called to be released from Western prisons, is the blind Egyptian sheikh, Omar Abdel-Rahman, who is currently serving a life sentence in the U nited States for being behind the World Trade Center bombing in New York.
Both men had spent time Al qaeda terrorism in prison in Egypt, following the massive round-up of members of al-Jihad, the group responsible for the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.
Firstly, the al-Qaeda leader might be renewing his intention of wanting to launch directed attacks within the United States and Europe as part of his ongoing competition with Islamic State to capture the jihadist mainstream. Secondly, al-Zawahiri is advocating attacks on Western targets in third countries where al-Qaeda and affiliates have a functioning infrastructure.
In one of the documents written by al-Zawahiri to bin Laden in Augustthe al-Qaeda leaders appear to be discussing a draft speech on the ideological justification for jihad, accompanied by an explanation of their moral position.
We hope that this message would enlighten the connection between the internal and external enemies in their goals and in their soldiers.
Bin Laden and al-Zawahiri first established a co-dependent relationship between their two factions, Maktab al-Khadamat Services Office and the EIJ, amongst the melee of the Arab mujahedeen camped in Pakistan in the s.
However, in the mid-to-late s bin Laden persuaded al-Zawahiri that targeting the United States, and removing its influence from the Arab world, was key to creating the caliphate Islamic state.
More than half of his speeches focused on the Far Enemy compared to a fraction that was directed at unseating Arab regimes, the Near Enemy. Instead he opined that it would be more effective for al-Qaeda to focus its resources on U.
Cole in Yemen in the year While al-Zawahiri, publicly called for attacks in the West, privately, his instructions to affiliates gives evidence of more flexibility. However, al-Zawahiri also cautioned that would only be the case as long as the operational space to grow and function, without being under duress or attack, could be safeguarded.
To recall, in Aprilal-Baghdadi had claimed that Jabhat al-Nusra was subordinate to him. Yet its leader, al-Golani refused to acknowledge al-Baghdadi as his leader and instead swore allegiance to al-Zawahiri. At that time, al-Zawahiri had sent a confidential edict, ruling that al-Baghdadi was wrong not to consult with al-Golani who, in turn, should not have pledged allegiance to al-Zawahiri without first obtaining the green light from al-Qaeda.
If the past few years are to serve as an exemplar, when close allies of al-Zawahiri have been killed in U. What is drawn from Egypt can be applied elsewhere. Al-Zawahiri did not comment on the sensitive issue whether or not he knew that Mullah Omar had died long ago.
If al-Zawahiri was not among the few insiders who knew that Mullah Omar had passed away long ago, this would have indicated that he was not as close to the leadership of the Taliban as bin Laden had been.
From Karachi, AQIS can transfer fighters, funds and messages through to the border city of Quetta, which is also where elements of the Taliban are based.
There are other pieces of evidence supporting such a view. In Julythe U. Treasury Department designated six members of an al-Qaeda network as terrorists. Abbottabad also highlighted the importance of Iran to al-Qaeda. It reined back its infuriated soldiers despite their ability, at the time, to fill Iran with pools of blood.
|ADDITIONAL MEDIA||I went back to my hotel that night and had chalked it up as a lost opportunity. The phone rang at 2 in the morning.|
|Sorry! Something went wrong!||The surviving AQIM members from the training camp reportedly fled to other areas of Algeria hoping to escape infection. The source of our financing is the Western countries.|
|Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda link allegations - Wikipedia||According to this view, the difference in ideology between Saddam and al-Qaeda made cooperation in any terrorist attacks very unlikely. Powell pointed out that Saddam had already supported Islamic Jihada radical Islamist group, and that there was no reason for him not to support al-Qaeda.|
However, he did not provide details on how such a Sharia body would practically function. Not Bowing to Islamic State Sincethe rivalry between al-Qaeda and Islamic State has not only been based on ideological disputes but was based also on strategic priorities, particularly regarding the question of what are permissible levels of violence against Shiites and other religious minorities, and the order of priorities when it comes to fighting Arab regimes and the West.Ironically, Al Qaeda --the "outside enemy of America" as well as the alleged architect of the 9/11 attacks-- is a creation of the CIA.
From the outset of the Soviet-Afghan war in the early s, the US intelligence apparatus has supported the formation of the "Islamic brigades". First Blood: Was Meir Kahane’s murder al Qaeda’s earliest attack on U.S.
soil? The History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to al Qæda [Gérard Chaliand, Arnaud Blin, Edward Schneider, Kathryn Pulver, Jesse Browner] on torosgazete.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This authoritative work provides an essential perspective on terrorism by offering a rare opportunity for analysis and reflection at a time of ongoing violence.
Al-Qaeda responded to the presence of United States armed forces in the Gulf and the arrest, conviction and imprisonment in the United States of persons belonging to Al-Qaeda by issuing fatwahs indicating that attacks against U.S.
interests, domestic and foreign, civilian and . Participant in the Global War on Terrorism, War in Afghanistan, War in North-West Pakistan, Somali Civil War, Insurgency in the Maghreb, Iraq War, Iraqi insurgency, al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen, Syrian Civil War, Arab Spring, and other conflicts: Flag used by various al-Qaeda factions: Active: –present: Ideology: Wahhabism Salafist .
Deciphering Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Al-Qaeda’s Strategic and Ideological Imperatives.